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Biological engineering is a scientific discipline that applies biology, the study of life on earth, to engineering approaches. It is an interdisciplinary field that combines techniques of physics, mathematics, computer science, biology and medicine. Principles such as thermodynamics and biomechanics are studied in biological systems. This knowledge is then used to develop new technologies and products that enhance our world. Here are three applications of bioengineering.
An agricultural engineer develops processes and products that improve farming practices. For example, they use biochemical analysis to study soil, fertilizers and pesticides. They may work with livestock or with plant cultivars. Some agricultural engineers specialize in farming machinery, while others work on automated systems that use modern computational models. These engineers create biological engineering modeling documents for large farming systems. They can also use modeling techniques to monitor the effects of agricultural practices in the broader environment.
Many bioengineers work on solving problems in the medical field. For example, biochemical engineering plays a significant role in the development and manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Biological engineers create diagnostic testing methods like PCR machines or imaging equipment. Engineers also work on medical devices like pacemakers and orthopedic implants. In addition, the field furthers exciting medical technologies, including surgical robots and bioengineered tissues.
New Energy Solutions
Some biological engineers use knowledge of the natural world to study and develop new forms of energy. Biofuels are energy sources derived from biological matter, including waste products. Current commonly used biofuels are ethanol and biodiesel. Engineers are working to create new biofuels that could reduce carbon emissions and air pollution as well as reuse certain types of biological waste for the production of energy.
Biological engineering studies many of today’s most important problems, including food production and the development of new medical technologies and sustainable energy solutions.