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Are you thinking about switching from gear to a piston pump? Gear pumps are widely used in the hydraulics industry because of their decent performance and low cost. However, recently there’s a shift in demand as piston pumps are gaining more popularity. The type of pump you choose entirely depends on the specifications of the machine you’re building. However, piston pumps can be the right choice if you need higher horsepower (hp) on your machine. Unlike gear pumps that continuously provide the same flow, piston pumps have the higher horsepower that can help you save significant fuel. There are also several other benefits of using piston pumps. Before we check out some great benefits of piston pumps, let’s first find out more about these pumps.
What is a Piston Pump?
A plunger pump, popularly known as a piston pump is a type of reciprocating pump that can be powered by an electric motor, steam, or a turbine. It consists of a chamber, a piston, and a couple of control devices. This pump uses a piston for moving liquids and is capable of differential pressures up to 10,000pounds per square inch (psi). A piston rod works in the reciprocating motion to move fluid along an axis through a cylinder-shaped chamber. This process creates pressure that results in flowing fluid through the pump. Piston pumps are typically used to move liquids or compressed gases. This type of pump is capable of handling very low flow rates at very high pressure. The major applications of piston pumps are for high-pressure cleaning, water, and oil hydraulics, industrial processing equipment, and the pumping of liquids. It is a positive displacement pump and can be classified into different types- a lift pump, a force pump, an axial pump, and a radial piston pump.
Advantages of Using Piston Pump
Piston pumps provide a high-pressure range and a continuous rate of discharge. It allows controlling pressure without impacting the rate of flow. Here are some more benefits of using piston pumps.
1. Multitasking Capabilities
Also known as high-pressure pumps, piston pumps use a plunger or piston to move fluid through a cylindrical chamber. The demand for this type of pump has increased because original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) are introducing machines with more functions that require different flow. These hydraulic pumps can adjust flow and make efficient use of power. It can be used to power heavy machinery, as well as small machines. The constant flow ensures less energy wastage and different types of pumps can be used for various industrial applications. Plunger pumps can be used for applications like High-Pressure Cleaning, Water Hydraulics, Drilling Service, Oil Hydraulics, Metering Systems, Waterjet Cutting, and much more.
Piston pumps have great features and multiple control options such as load sensing, pressure compensation, remote pressure control, and more. High pressure, superior control, better cooling makes this pump more efficient than other types of pumps available. They offer higher horsepower without compromising efficiency.
Piston pumps are not only more efficient but also durable and long-lasting. Besides delivering high pump pressures, these pumps can handle both viscous and solids containing media.