What is a Wind Turbine and the Future of Wind Energy?

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Wind energy transforming the power of renewable resources, like the wind into electrical power, is a valuable and sustainable investment for the future.

According to the website of IQIP, to produce and use wind energy, you need to know how to construct a wind farm, either at high sea or on land, with numerous wind turbines.

How Wind Turbines Operate

Wind turbines usually turn offshore wind energy into electrical power using aerodynamic force from rotor blades that work the same as helicopter rotor blades or airplane wings.

When wind flows around rotor blades, air pressure on the side decreases. The difference in the air pressure across two sides of rotor blades creates both drag and lift.

Normally, the lift force is stronger compared to that of the drag, causing rotors to spin. Rotors connect to generators, either through a shaft or directly to increase the rotation speed.

Forms of Wind Turbines

The size of a wind turbine differs greatly. Usually, the length of blades is a huge factor in determining the electricity amount your wind turbine may produce.

A small turbine, which may power one home, has an electricity generating capacity of around 10 kW. On the other hand, a big wind turbine can have a capacity of up to 10 megawatts. Great examples of wind turbines include:

  • Vertical axis turbines
  • Horizontal-axis turbines

Components of a Wind Turbine

A wind turbine system consists of various pieces of equipment, which serve a purpose for delivering electricity to where it is required.

Of those different pieces of equipment, the below components serve as an overall blueprint that you can find in a wind turbine system regardless of its type:

  • Pitch Drive
  • Rotor
  • Gearbox
  • Yaw Drive
  • Generator
  • Tower
  • Nacelle

Generating Electricity

Rotating blades usually turn a shaft in the nacelle that goes into a gearbox. This gearbox increases rotation speed in the generator that uses a magnetic field to change rotational energy into electricity.

Some wind turbines use a direct drive technology that connects the rotating system to generators. The electricity that generators produce goes through cables to transformers, then to a wind farm substation, where it gets converted to the required voltage.

Many onshore wind turbines can produce two or three megawatts that produce over 5 million kilowatts per hour every year. This is sufficient to meet all the electricity demands of around 1,600 average households.

Wind Energy’s Future

In order to understand the future and trends of wind power, it’s vital to know that collecting data matters. Changing operation data into something valuable is key.

With a suite of applications, you can leverage analytics and data in partnership with service solutions and hardware to improve your wind turbine’s profitability, efficiency, reliability, and cybersecurity.

Battery energy storage solutions unlock new business value and provide flexibility for new applications, especially when integrated into wind power generation.

In Conclusion!

A wind turbine works on an easy principle. Rather than using electrical energy to make wind, it uses wind to generate electricity.

Of course, the amount of electrical energy wind turbines generates depends on their size, power rating, and wind speed.

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